Herbs

Basil

Basil needs to be planted in full sun.
It will take 7-10 days to germinate.
It will take 35-50 days to harvest.

Basic Care Common Pests: Snails love basil, so protect your seedlings!
Pinch the inner growth as the plant grows to promote bushy growth.
The basil flowers attract beneficial insects, while the basil smell detracts pests such as the tomato worm.
You can plant the basil with tomatoes and use it in soups, stews and salad.
Nutritional Value Contains Vitamin A and C, Calcium, Iron.
Contains an essential that can aid depression and negativity.
Additional Value Basil tea: Pour 1 cup of boiling water over 1 tsp of basil leaves for a remedy to combat colds, flu and digestive ailments. Do not use this tea if pregnant.
Pesticide: Make an herb tea out of 15 leaves of basil and 1 cup of boiling water. Let it cool and spray it on mites and aphids.
Saving Seed Flowers will grow out of the centre of the plant: Let them bloom and dry. Then save the seeds for the next planting season.

 

Chilli

Chilli needs to be planted in full sun or partial shade.
It will take 10-18 days to germinate.
It will take 60-70 days to harvest.

Basic Care

Plant the chilli from August to October.
Chilli is a perennial plant.
Plant it best with Tomatoes and Basil.
The more chilli you pick, the more they will grow.

Saving Seed Pick a good chilli, cut it open and extract the seeds.
Wash and dry the seeds to replant them.

 

Chives

Chives need to be planted in full sun.
It will take 7-10 days to germinate.
It will take 35-50 days to harvest.

Basic Care

Chives are a good companion on the border of vegetable beds, especially to ward off disease.
Cut off the flowers to prolong growth.
The chives’ flowers attract beneficial insects and are edible as well as the leaves.
Chives are best used in soups, stews and salads.

Nutritional Value

Chives conatin Vitamin A and C as well as minerals

Additional Value

Chives tea/pesticide: Make an herb tea of 15 leaves and 1 cup of boiling water. Let it cool and spray it on aphids and plants infected with powdery mildew

How to harvest

Chives are harvested by cutting the leaves close to the base of the plant.

 

Coriander

Coriander needs to be planted in full sun or partial shade
It will take 10-16 days to germinate
It will take 35-40 days to harvest

Basic Care

Coriander is best used in soups, stews and salads.

Additional Value

Coriander tea: Pour 1 cup of boiling water over 1 tsp of coriander seeds to aid with digestion and period pain. Breast-feeding mothers can take the tea to help a colicky baby.

Saving Seed

Flowers will grow on the plant at the end of the season.
Let the flowers dry and harvest the seeds from the flower heads. Clean the seeds and store them in a cool dry place.

 

Nasturtium

Nasturtium needs to be planted in full sun or partial shade
It will take 10-14 days to germinate
Nasturtium is frost sensitive

Basic Care

Common Pests: Snails and slugs. That’s why Nasturtium keeps the pests away from your vegetables and hides the shape of leaves of cabbage and lettuce.
Should the plants die allow it to decompose in the flower beds as they add vital nutrients into the soil
Its flowers and leaves are edible and are best used in soups, stews and salads. Cook the nasturtium with spinach for a nutritious meal.
Do not plant with Gem Squash or Butternut.

Nutritional Value

Nasturtium is rich in Vitamin C and sulphur and is a natural anti-biotical.

Saving Seeds

The seeds will form where the flowers are. Let them dry, pick them up and store them in a cool dry place.

 

Marigold

Marigold needs to be planted in full sun
It will take 7-10 days to germinate
It will take 35-50 days to harvest

Basic Care

Common Pests: The fragrant flowers attract pests and flies and deter them from the vegetable garden. In addition the roots deter nematodes in the garden.
Marigold is best used in soups, stews and salads and its dried flowers can be used to spice dishes

Additional Value

Marigold tea/Pesticide: Make an herb tea of 15 leaves and 1 cup of boiling water. Let it cool and spray it on mites and aphids.
It clears infections, accelerates healing and is beneficial to the skin. An infusion of the petals in boiling water is used to clear the digestive tract and to help with ulcers. It can also be used for viral infections such as thrush or athletes foot. Do not use it if pregnant!

 

Parsley

Needs to be planted in full sun or partial shade
It will take 21 days to germinate

Basic Care

Common pests: Snails and slugs
Flowers will grow in the second year of the growth. Let the flowers dry and harvest the seed from the flower heads. Clean the seeds and store them in a cool dry place.
Cook the parsley with spinach for a nutritious meal, or use it in soups, stews and salads
Do not pick and eat it from the wild. A weed that resembles parsley is poisonous!
Parsley likes to be planted with tomatoes

Nutritional Value

Parsley contains Vitamins, Minerals and Iron

Additional Value

Parsley tea: Pour 1 cup of boiling water over 1 tsp of parsley to aid with arthritis, fluid retention, kidney and bladder ailments and digestion. Do not use this tea if pregnant!

 

Rocket

Rocket needs to be planted in full sun
It will take 5-12 days to germinate
It will take 28-40 days to harvest

Basic Care

Rocket has peppery edible leaves and flowers.
It is an annual and self-seeding plant.
Sow the hardy plant from August to May.
Plant the rocket best with lettuce.

Saving Seed

Save the seeds from the pod that emerges after the flowers have dried.

 

Sunflower

Sunflower is best planted in full sun
It will take 7-10 days to germinate
It will take 35-50 days to harvest

Basic Care

Common Pests: The fragrant flowers attract pests and flies and deter them from the vegetable garden. In addition the roots deter nematodes in the garden.
The flowers attract beneficial insects. The basil smell detracts pests such as the tomato worm.
Sunflowers like to be planted with beans

Nutritional Value

High in Vitamin E, B1, B5, B6, folic acid, calcium, copper, zinc, iron, sodium, fats and protein

Additional Value

Sunflower tea/Pesticide: Make an herb tea of 15 leaves and 1 cup boiling water. Let cool and spray on mites and aphids

Saving Seeds

The flowers will grow out of the centre of the plant. Let them bloom and dry and save the seeds for the next planting season.
Sunflower seeds are an essential source of fatty ac.